Fire Protection Law of the People's Republic of China Decree No. 29 of the President of the People's Republic of China (Amended in 2019) 1998Adopted at the second meeting of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress on April 29, 2000 2019Amendment of the 10th Session of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress on April 23, 2000 2019Promulgated by Decree No. 29 of the President of the People's Republic of China on 23 April 2000 Since April 23, 2019. Chapter I General Provisions Article 1 This Law is formulated in order to prevent fires and reduce fire hazards, strengthen emergency rescue work, protect personal and property safety and maintain public safety. Article 2 Fire control work shall follow the policy of giving priority to prevention and combining prevention with elimination, implement the responsibility system of fire safety and establish and improve a socialized fire control network in accordance with the principles of unified leadership of the government, supervision by departments according to law, overall responsibility of units and active participation of citizens. Article 3 The State Council shall lead the fire control work throughout the country.Local people's governments at all levels are responsible for the fire control work within their respective administrative areas. People's governments at all levels shall incorporate fire control work into national economic and social development plans to ensure that fire control work is compatible with economic and social development. Article 4 The Emergency Management Department of the State Council shall supervise and administer fire control work throughout the country.The emergency management departments of the local people's governments at or above the county level shall supervise and administer the fire control work within their respective administrative areas, and the fire rescue agencies of the people's governments at the same level shall be responsible for the implementation.The fire control work of military installations shall be supervised and managed by their competent units with the assistance of fire rescue agencies; the fire control work of underground parts of mines, nuclear power plants and offshore oil and gas installations shall be supervised and managed by their competent units. Other relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall, within the scope of their respective responsibilities, do a good job in fire control in accordance with the provisions of this Law and other relevant laws and regulations. Where laws and administrative regulations provide otherwise for the fire control of forests and grasslands, such provisions shall prevail. Article 5 Any unit or individual has the obligation to maintain fire safety, protect fire fighting facilities, prevent fire and report fire alarms.All units and adults have the obligation to participate in organized fire fighting work. Article 6 People's governments at all levels shall organize regular fire prevention publicity and education to raise citizens'awareness of fire safety. Organs, organizations, enterprises and institutions shall strengthen fire prevention publicity and education for their personnel. Emergency management departments and fire rescue agencies should strengthen the propaganda of fire laws and regulations, and urge, guide and assist relevant units to do a good job in fire prevention propaganda and education. The competent education, human administrative resources, departments schools and of relevant vocational training institutions shall incorporate fire control knowledge into the contents of education, teaching and training. Relevant units such as news, radio and television should conduct fire prevention propaganda and education in a targeted manner to the society. Trade unions, Communist Youth League and women's federations should organize and carry out fire prevention propaganda and education in the light of the characteristics of their respective work targets. Villagers'committees and residents' committees shall assist the people's governments, public security organs, emergency management departments and other departments in strengthening fire prevention publicity and education. Article 7 The State encourages and supports fire science research and technological

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