Fire assessment and management 1Principles of regional fire safety: systematic principle, practical principle and operability principle. 2Regional fire risk assessment: (1) Analyzing the possible fire hazards in the region, dividing the assessment units reasonably and establishing a comprehensive evaluation index system; (2) Qualitative and quantitative classification of evaluation units, and establishment of weighting system based on expert opinions; (3) Make objective and impartial assessment conclusions on regional fire risk; (4) To put forward reasonable and feasible fire safety countermeasures and planning proposals. 3Regional fire risk assessment process: (1) information collection; (2) risk identification; (3) establishment of evaluation index system; (4) risk analysis and calculation; (5) determination of evaluation conclusions; (6) risk control. 4Ordinary fire stations should not be larger than 7K, and ordinary fire stations located in the suburbs should not be larger than 15K. 5Principles of building fire risk assessment: (1) Scientific.(2) Systematic; (3) Comprehensive; (4) Adaptability. 6The content of building fire risk assessment: (1) Analyzing the possible fire hazards in buildings, dividing assessment units reasonably and establishing a comprehensive evaluation index system; (2) Qualitative and quantitative classification of evaluation units, and establishment of weighting system based on expert opinions; (3) Make objective and impartial assessment conclusions on building fire risk; (4) To put forward reasonable and feasible fire safety countermeasures and planning proposals. 7Building fire risk assessment process: (1) information collection; (2) risk identification; (3) establishment of evaluation index system; (4) risk analysis and calculation; (5) risk grade judgment; (6) risk control measures. 8All or part of a project with one of the following conditions may be designed for fire performance: (1) beyond the scope of application of the national fire control technical standards; (2) It is difficult to satisfy the special use function of the project when designing fire separation, smoke control and smoke exhaust, safe evacuation and fire resistance of building components in accordance with the current national fire control technical standards. 9Performance-based design assessment methods should not be used in the following situations: (1) The provisions of the national laws and regulations and the mandatory provisions of the current national fire control technical standards; (2) The state's current technical standards for fire control have been clearly stipulated, and there are no buildings with special use functions. (3) Residential buildings; (4) Medical buildings, teaching buildings, kindergartens, nurseries, buildings for the elderly, entertainment places for singing and dancing; (5) Class C, D, E factories and C, D and E warehouses with net indoor height less than 8.0 m; Class A, B factories, Class A and B warehouses, flammable liquid and gas storage facilities and other flammable and explosive projects or sites. 10The basic procedures for performance-based fire protection design of buildings are as follows: (1) To determine the functions and uses of buildings and the applicable standards of architectural design; (2) Determine the problems that need to be designed by performance-based design method; (3) To determine the overall goal of building fire safety; (4) Performance-based fire protection test design and evaluation verification; (5) To modify and improve the design and further evaluate and verify whether the fire safety objectives are met or not; (6) Prepare design instructions and analysis reports and submit them for review and approval. 11The general fire safety objectives of buildings generally include the following: (1) Reducing the possibility of fire; (2) To ensure the personal safety of the users and rescuers in buildings under fire conditions; (3) The structure of the building will not be seriously damaged or collapsed due to fire, or even if there is partial collapse, it will not occur consecutive collapse and affect the overall stability of the building structure; (4) Reduce the interruption of commercial operation and production process caused by fire; (5) To ensure the safety of property in buildings; (6) When a building is in fire, it will not ignite its

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