A Brief Account of Food Safety Supervision in Ancient China In the Zhou Dynasty, although there were few records of food safety incidents, we can still see that the rulers attached great importance to food safety and made special provisions.The food trade in the Zhou Dynasty was mainly based on the primary agricultural products harvested directly, so it paid close attention to the maturity of agricultural products. According to the Book of Rites, the provisions of the food trade in the Zhou Dynasty were as follows: "From time to time, the fruits are not ripe, and they are not on the market."This is the earliest record of food safety management in Chinese history. During the Han and Tang Dynasties, food trading activities were very frequent and the variety of trade was very rich.In order to prevent poisonous and harmful food from entering the market, the state has made corresponding regulations in law.The Han Dynasty's "Two Years'Law" stipulates that "all the people who eat preserved meat and poison, injure and sick with preserved meat should do their best to burn the rest...When burnt, burnt and burnt, as well as the official, they all sit on the breast of the flesh and steal the same way."That is to say, if meat is poisoned due to decay and other factors, it should be burned as soon as possible, otherwise the parties and relevant officials will be punished.The Tang Law of the Tang Dynasty stipulates that "preserved meat is poisonous, once sick, more than one person burns it quickly, and the violator sticks ninety."If he eats and sells with others, he who causes illness will spend one year in prison; if he dies, he will hang.That is, the law of manslaughter through negligence.From the Law of Tang Dynasty, we can see that in Tang Dynasty, there were two kinds of criminal offences constituted by the poisonous and unexpected burning of preserved meat. The penalties were different. First, when the owner of preserved meat was known to be poisonous, he should immediately burn the remaining poisonous food to avoid future danger, or he would not burn the preserved meat immediately. Second, if he knew that the preserved meat was poisonous, he would be punished according to the circumstances and consequences. In the Song Dynasty, the catering market flourished unprecedentedly.In Tokyo Menghualu, the old man Meng traced the urban features of Kaifeng Prefecture in the capital city of the Northern Song Dynasty, and wrote about the prosperity of the catering industry in a large amount of ink. In the book, he mentioned more than 100 shops and related guilds.The prosperity of commodity market inevitably brings some problems. Some vendors adorn things as novelty and false things as reality.For example, silk is pasted with glue, rice and wheat are warmed and moist, meat is irrigated with water, and medicinal materials are easy to use other things"(Yuan Shifan).Some criminals even use such tricks as Jisaisha, blowing geese and sheep, selling salt and mixing it with ash to make profits.In order to strengthen the supervision and management of food adulteration, the Song Dynasty stipulated that practitioners must join the guild, which must be responsible for the quality of goods."The socalled"travelers"in the city are named for their official information, not for their small size, but for those who are suitable for their use, even though medical divination has its own duties.Businessmen in Jisheng, Capital, form guilds and shops according to their business types. Relevant personnel in handicraft industry and other service industries must join the guild organizations and register according to the industry, otherwise they will not be able to operate.Each guild checks the quality of commodities produced and managed, and the head of the guild acts as a puller, responsible for assessing prices and monitoring illegal acts.In addition to being cleared by guilds, the laws of the Song Dynasty also inherited the provisions of the Tang Law and severely punished the sellers of toxic and harmful food. The above dynasties can give us a lot of Enlightenment on the safety management of food circulation and related legal measures, and also provide new ideas and path choices for the rational construction of food quality and safety supervision mode in our country. (Extracted from Zhang Boda's Ancient Food Safety Supervision Survey) 1The following statements about the first and second paragraphs of the original text are incorrect. The

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