Annex 23: Stakeholder roles and involvement plan Involvement Plan At the center of the stakeholder involvement plan, is the production, collation visualization and sharing of data on all aspects of land management including governance, economics, livelihoods, status of wildlife and forests and unplanned and illegal activity. Data is the ingredient for “evidence-based-management”. This will be operationalized as “evidence-based adaptive management” at three levels - within VAGs and CRBs, in the project area through the proposed Stakeholder Forum, and at National level through the Project Steering Committee. Quality data on all aspects of the Project and its impact will be managed by the Information Unit in the Kafue Business Center, strengthened by analysis provided by the Project, Copperbelt University and technical consultants. This data and analysis will be provided to bi-annual Stakeholder Forum meetings as the basis of decision-making and coordinated action. The Stakeholder Forum will be chaired by the Kafue CBNRM Association, with ZAWA and/or the CBNRM Support Unit acting as secretariat. At National level, the Steering Committee will be chaired by MLNR&EP. One of the key functions of the CBNRM Support Unit is to ensure that data on finances, wildlife, forestry, land use planning, etc. is made available at VAG level and used to improve the quality of decision-making. The roles of key stakeholders are described below. Table 1 summarizes how these roles are intended to change over time to fit together with clearer responsibility and less overlap than at present, in support of the underlying objective of empowering producer communities (i.e. VAGs) and PAs (KNP, WLNP) to plan, manage, valorize and protect their resources. As with systems thinking, the purpose of a hierarchy is defined by (and in the service of) the smallest units within that hierarchy. Key Stakeholders and their Roles: Village Action Groups provide the civic and operational foundation of this intervention. They are the primary “action” and decision-making level responsible for governing income from common pool natural resources (wildlife, forests, carbon, ecosystem services), and for planning, managing, protecting and benefiting from these resources. Currently VAGs are weak, and a primary function of the Project will be to strengthen them to take on these rights and responsibilities. Community Resource Boards are currently empowered by the ZAWA Act to benefit from wildlife, but they are not empowered to benefit from forestry. However, CRBs are not constituted at the appropriate scale for accountable financial management or effective NRM. Therefore, their capacity as a coordination and communication level will be enhanced, with most operational functions being devolved to VAGs. Chiefs and Traditional Leaders are culturally said to be the “owners of the land” and are often involved in allocating land to residents and settlers. They also play a strong ‘traditional’ role in all community affairs, including the management of CRBs where they are official called ‘patrons’. Chiefs will therefore be involved in land use planning processes. The Zambia Wildlife Authority is legally responsible for GMAs where their responsibility is: “to provide for the establishment, control and management of Game Management Areas; to provide for the sustainable use of wildlife and the effective management of the wildlife habitat in Game Management Areas; to enhance the benefits of Game Management Areas both to local communities and to wildlife; to involve local communities in the management of Game Management Areas; to provide for the development and implementation of management plans” (ZAWA Act, p9). ZAWA has significant responsibilities in GMAs, with the following responsibilities being specifically defined by the Act: 5.1.(b) in partnership with local communities, to share the responsibilities of management in Game Management Areas; 5.1. (g) to enhance the economic and social well-being of local communities in Game Management Areas; 5.1.(h) to prepare and implement management plans for National Parks, Game Management Areas, bird sanctuaries and wildlife sanctuaries in consultation with local communities; 5.1.(j) in partnership with local communities, to grant hunting concessions to hunting outfitters and photographic tour operators in Game Management Areas; In addition, ZAWA has considerable legislated authority to control activities within GMAs including the following:

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