In what environment do emperor penguins survive? Emperor penguins live in the Antarctic sea. They are social animals. Many individuals gather together to eat and live.Whenever bad weather comes, they will be crowded together to protect themselves from the wind and the cold for maximum protection.Emperor penguins have a variable time of activity, which is possible during the day and night. There are two main areas for emperor penguins. One is the diet area, the other is the habitation or breeding area. In the ocean, they travel between these two areas all the year round.From January to March of each year, emperor penguins disperse into the ocean and hunt in small groups. Emperor penguins are monogamous. There is a clear division of labor between male and female. After laying eggs, emperor penguins give males enough nutrition and then run to the sea to supplement themselves. During this period, male emperor penguins bear the responsibility of incubating eggs.