Review Packet Be able to explain the following:  Jefferson v. Hamilton on the National Bank  Washington’s Precedents  Describe the War of 1812  Explain how the US acquired all of its parts  Unwritten Constitution  Dred Scott v. Stanford  Andrew Jackson’s Presidency  Causes of the Civil War  Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the Union and the Confederate States Know the following Multiple choice questions: One goal of Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan was the establishment of a (1) stock exchange (2) national sales tax (3) federal income tax (4) national bank What was one outcome of the Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803)? (1) State governments could now determine the constitutionality of federal laws. (2) The principle of judicial review was established. (3) Congress expanded its delegated powers. (4) A method to approve treaties was developed. The Louisiana Purchase initially presented a dilemma for President Thomas Jefferson because he believed it would (1) lead to war with Great Britain (2) bankrupt the new nation (3) force Native American Indians off their lands (4) violate his strict constructionist view on the Constitution Which statement about the Missouri Compromise (1820) is most accurate? (1) Slavery was banned west of the Mississippi River. (2) Unorganized territories would be governed by the United States and Great Britain. (3) The balance between free and slave states was maintained. (4) The 36°30' line formed a new boundary between the United States and Canada. Which 19th-century event supported the movement for women’s rights? (1) Seneca Falls Convention (2) Dred Scott decision (3) formation of the Republican Party (4) Lincoln-Douglas debates Many of the decisions made by the Supreme Court while John Marshall was Chief Justice led directly to (1) a reduction of federal influence in economic affairs(2) an increase in the power of the federal government over the states (3) a greater role for Congress in foreign policy (4) a limitation on slavery in the states Manifest Destiny was used to justify an American desire to (1) limit the number of immigrants entering the country (2) control the area located east of the Appalachian Mountains (3) expand the United States to the Pacific Ocean (4) warn European countries against colonizing Latin America In the 1850s, the phrase “Bleeding Kansas” was used to describe clashes between (1) proslavery and antislavery groups (2) Spanish landowners and new American settlers (3) Chinese and Irish railroad workers (4) Native American Indians and white settlers In the 1850s, why did many runaway slaves go to Canada? (1) They feared being drafted into the Northern army. (2) The Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the US. (3) More factory jobs were available in Canada. (4) Northern abolitionists refused to help fugitive slaves. President George Washington pursued a foreign policy of neutrality during his administration primarily because he believed that (1) the United States needed time to gain economic and military strength (2) treaties were prohibited by the Constitution (3) the United States should not expand by force (4) alliances should be established with both France and England “. . . I know too that it is a maxim [rule] with us, and I think it a wise one, not to entangle ourselves with the affairs of Europe. . . .” — Thomas Jefferson, December 21, 1787, Library of Congress Which document most clearly reflects the advice given in this statement? (1) Albany Plan of Union (2) Articles of Confederation (3) Bill of Rights (4) Washington’s Farewell Address Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan helped to establish the credit of the United States government by (1) providing for the payment of the nation’s debts (3) taxing only the people most able to pay (2) favoring agriculture over industry (4) encouraging spending for national defense As Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton was most noted for (1) devising a plan to pay off the nation’s debts (3) beginning a system to tax exports (2) arranging necessary loans from European nations (4) raising revenue from the sale of western lands On what grounds would strict constructionists of the United States Constitution have questioned the purchase of the Louisiana Territory? (1) It violated the guarantee of states’ rights. (2) The president was not specifically given the power to purchase new land. (3) Congress was opposed to expansion west of the Mississippi River. (4) The Constitution

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