REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS UPDATE OF THE NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS Port Louis 01 October 2021 1 Table of Contents Glossary......................................................................................................................2 Executive Summary....................................................................................................3 Information to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding (ICTU) of the updated NDC of the Republic of Mauritius for the timeframe 2021-2030 - (Decision 4/CMA.1).....................................................................................................................5 Adaptation communication as part of the updated NDC of the Republic of Mauritius for the timeframe 2021-2030 - (Guidance provided by 9/CMA.1).............................19 1 Glossary AFD AFOLU AR BAU BUR CBIT CDM CH4 CMA CO2 CO2 eq COP COVID-19 DCC ETF GCF GDP GEF GHG GWP HFC IA ICTU INDC IPCC IPPU LULUCF MEAs MoESWMCC MRV NAMA NAP NCCAPF NDC NGO RoM SDG SIDS TNC UNFCCC USD Agence Française de Développement Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Assessment Report Business As Usual Biennial Update Report Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency Clean Development Mechanism Methane Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide Equivalent Conference of the Parties Coronavirus disease 2019 Department of Climate Change Enhanced Transparency Framework Green Climate Fund Gross Domestic Product Global Environment Facility Greenhouse Gas Global Warming Potential Hydrofluorocarbon Institutional Arrangement Information necessary to facilitate Clarity, Transparency and Understanding Intended Nationally Determined Contribution Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Industrial Processes and Product Use Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry Multilateral Environmental Agreements Ministry of Environment, Solid Waste Management and Climate Change Measurement, Reporting and Verification Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Adaptation Plan National Climate Change Adaptation Policy Framework Nationally Determined Contribution Non-governmental Organizations Republic of Mauritius Sustainable Development Goals Small Island Developing States Third National Communication United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change United States Dollar 2 Executive Summary 1) Mauritius’ net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2016 were 4,881 kilo tons carbon dioxide equivalent (ktCO2eq), including removals from Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), representing less than 0.01 percent of global GHG emissions. However, the Republic of Mauritius is highly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. 2) Mauritius submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributios (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat on 28 September 2015 ahead of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP-21) to the UNFCCC. The INDC was complemented by the NDC Action Plan prepared in February 2016. 3) Mauritius’ commitments to combat climate change are ambitious given its national circumstances. This ambition is reflected in the mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures in which the Government of Mauritius has committed since the ratification of the Paris Agreement, and will continue to be engaged in. 4) The Climate Change Act was gazetted on 28 November 2020 and it entered into force on 22 April 2021. Under the Act, the Department of Climate Change is responsible to coordinate the implementation of relevant commitments to ensure compliance with the international climate change agreements. An Inter-Ministerial Council on Climate Change is provided to set national objectives, goals and targets with a view to make Mauritius a climate resilient and low emission country. A Climate Change Committee has also been set-up to enable a multistakeholder participation for the preparation of the national climate change strategies and action plans for mitigation and adaptation. 5) In light of the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and in view of different national circumstances, and the principles of flexibility as inscribed in the Paris Agreement and decision 18/CMA.1, Mauritius reporting and transparency will improve over time. In this context, Mauritius NDC may be subject to future improvements, co

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