Early Elizabethan England Key topic 1 – Queen, government and religion, 1558-69 Outline Detail The situation on Elizabeth’s accession The ‘settlement’ of religion Challenge to the religious settlement The problem of Mary, Queen of Scots Elizabethan England in 1558: society and government. The Virgin Queen: the problem of her legitimacy, gender, marriage. Her character and strengths. Challenges at home and from abroad: the French threat, financial weaknesses. Religious divisions in England in 1558. Elizabeth’s religious settlement (1559): its features and impact. The Church of England: its role in society. The nature and extent of the Puritan challenge. The nature and extent of the Catholic challenge, including the roleof the nobility, Papacy and foreign powers. Mary, Queen of Scots: her claim to the English throne, her arrival in England in 1568. Relations between Elizabeth and Mary, 1568–69. 4 a) b) c) d) e) a) b) c) d) a) b) c) d) marks – Describe two features of…….. Elizabeth’s Privy Council Elizabeth’s experiences before she became Queen. Elizabeth’s education Elizabeth’s Religious Settlement the challenge from the Puritans between 1558 and 1569. 12 marks – Explain why…… Explain why religion was so important in sixteenth century England. Explain why Elizabeth had not ended religious problems by 1569. Explain why Mary, Queen of Scots created a problem for Elizabeth when she came to England in 1568. Explain why the Catholic threat to Elizabeth I increased after 1566. You may use the following in your answer:  The Dutch Revolt  Mary, Queen of Scots’ arrival in England in 1568. You must also use information of your own. 16 marks ‘Statement’ How far do you agree? ‘The threat of invasion was Elizabeth’s main problem when she became Queen in 1558.’ How far do you agree? Explain your answer. ‘Elizabeth I dealt with the problems of 1558 successfully.’ How far do you agree? Explain your answer. ‘Elizabeth’s religious settlement was a successful compromise.’ How far do you agree? Explain your answer. ‘The religious settlement of 1559 did not solve the problem of religion in Elizabethan England.’ How far do you agree? Explain your answer. You may use the following in your answer:  The new Church of England.  The Catholics and the Puritans. You must also use information of your own. e) ‘Religion was Elizabeth’s main problem in the years 1558-69.’ How far do you agree? Explain your answer. You may use the following in your answer:  The settlement of religion.  Mary, Queen of Scots’ arrival in England in 1568. You must also use information of your own. Key Topic 2 – Challenges to Elizabeth at home and abroad, 1569-88 Outline Detail Plots and revolts at home Relations with Spain Outbreak of war with Spain 1585-88 The Armada The reasons for, and significance of, the Revolt of the Northern Earls, 1569–70. The features and significance of the Ridolfi, Throckmorton and Babington plots. Walsingham and the use of spies. The reasons for, and significance of, Mary Queen of Scots’ execution in 1587. Political and religious rivalry. Commercial rivalry. The New World, privateering and the significance of the activities of Drake. English direct involvement in the Netherlands, 1585–88. The role of Robert Dudley. Drake and the raid on Cadiz: ‘Singeing the King of Spain’s beard’. Spanish invasion plans. Reasons why Philip used the Spanish Armada. The reasons for, and consequences of, the English victory. 4 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) a) b) c) d) e) a) b) c) marks – Describe two features of…….. the Ridolfi Plot the Babbington Plot. Drake’s attacks on Spanish shipping and trade. the English navy sent against the Spanish Armada. the naval battle of Gravelines. the revolt of the Northern Earls. the plots against Elizabeth between 1571 and 1587. Mary, Queen of Scots’ threat to Elizabeth I. 12 marks – Explain why…… Explain why Mary, Queen of Scots was executed in 1587. Explain why the Throckmorton Plot (1583) was a threat to Queen Elizabeth. Explain why war broke out between England and Spain in 1585. Explain why Philip II launched the Armada against England in 1588. You may use the following in your answer:  England’s involvement in the Netherlands  Drake’s attacks on Spain’s colonies in America. You must also use information of your own. Explain why the Spanish Armada was defeated in 1588. You may use the following in your answer:  Ships and guns  Philip’s plan. You must also use information of your own. 16 marks ‘Stateme

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