Prevention of blindnes s caused by diabetes m ellitus Harbin Jiarun Hospital Harbin Jiarun Hospital: Diabetic ophthalmopathy is the most common and serious complication of diabetes mellitus, which has a great impact on the body of patients.So it is very necessary to do a good job of prevention.Let's get to know it. D e f i n i t i o n o f d i a b et i c ret i n o pat h y : • Diabetic patients show abnormal blood sug ar metabolism and abnormal increase of bl ood sugar.Diabetic hyperglycemia can dam age retinal blood vessels, lead to vascular atresia and hypoxia of retinal tissues, resul ting in a series of pathological changes suc h as microangioma, edema, exudation, he morrhage, neovascularization and vitreous proliferative lesions in the retina, known a s diabetic retinopathy. Damage of diabetes to eyes Prevention of blindness caused by diabetes mellitus Common Misconceptions of Diabetic Retinopathy C Catalog ONTENTS 01 Reply Damage of diabetes to eyes Damage of diabetes to eyes Diabetic retinopathy can lead to blindness.The risk of blindness in diabetic patients is 25 times higher than that in normal people. Damage of diabetes to eyes 72% The development of diabetic retinopathy is insidious. When patients feel that their vision is significantly decreased, the disease is often advanced. In the process of disease development, most early patients have no obvious self-conscious symptoms. When patients feel visual impairment, their condition often has progressed to a very serious stage. At this time, most patients have lost the best treatment opportunity. Damage of diabetes to eyes When diabetic ophthalmopathy develops to a certain stage, the ocular lesions can not be reversed.Numerous studies have shown that preventive treatment is the best way to prevent blindness caused by diabetes.In order to get timely treatment, the most effective way is to regularly check the fundus of the eyes of diabetic patients, so that doctors can detect lesions as early as possible without obvious symptoms, and give timely preventive treatment.Only regular examination of the fundus, early detection and early treatment can prevent blindness caused by diabetes mellitus. Diabetic retinopathy often occurs in the middle and late stages of the course of diabetes (5-10 years). Most early patients have no conscious symptoms, so it is often neglected.When visual impairment occurs, the lesion is often irreversible. Experience shows that if the blood sugar, blood pressure and blood lipid of diabetic patients are not well controlled, they do not pay attention to life, many patients will have fundus lesions after 5 years; if the blood sugar, blood pressure and other indicators are generally controlled, then 10 to 15 years fundus lesions may occur.I have seen many diabetic patients whose blood sugar, blood pressure and blood lipid are well controlled. The course of disease is more than 20 years, and the fundus condition is still very good.This shows that the occurrence of diabetic ophthalmopathy is related to the control of blood sugar, blood pressure and lipid, and on the other hand, it also suggests that the occurrence of diabetic ophthalmopathy is closely related to the course of the disease.It is worth noting that many patients with type 2 diabetes do not know how long they are suffering from diabetes, so once they are diagnosed, they should immediately check their fundus. 02 Reply Prevention of blindness caused by d iabetes m ellitus Prevention of blindness due to diabetes: A large number of studies have proved that if diabetic retinopathy can be diagnosed and treated early, 90% of patients can prevent blindness.The fundamental cause of blindness in large numbers of diabetes mellitus is the neglect of eye examination and treatment. 1 Early detection and laser therapy can significantly reduce the risk of blindness caused by diabetic retinopathy.Laser therapy can preserve vision to the greatest extent, but can not restore lost vision. 2 Prevention of blindness due to diabetes: All diabetic patients should be examined periodically by ophthalmologists in order to get timely treatment and prevent visual loss caused by diabetic retinopathy. 03 Reply Com mon Misconceptions of Dia betic Retinopathy 1. Diabetes has good vision and does not require fundus examination. 2. Wait until your eyesight drops before you go to an ophthalmologist 3. Had done laser treatment, the eyes should be all right. 4. Fear of visual

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